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Dominic Johnson


Johnson, D. D. P. (Forthcoming) Payback: God's Punishment and the Evolution of Cooperation. New York: Oxford University Press.

Journal Articles (see citation metrics)

Johnson, D. D. P., Bering, J. M., Burnham, T., Reeve, Z., Schloss, J., Sosis, R. & Trivers, R. (In Prep). Religion evolving: The adaptive logic of religious beliefs and behaviors.

Johnson, D. D. P. (2012). What are atheists for? Hypotheses on the functions of non-belief in the evolution of religion. Religion, Brain & Behavior 2 (1): 48-70.

King, A. J., Johnson, D. D. P. & Van Vugt, M. (2009) The origins and evolution of leadership. Current Biology, 19, 1591-1682.

Johnson, D. D. P. & Bering, J. M. (2006) Hand of God, mind of man: punishment and cognition in the evolution of cooperation. Evolutionary Psychology 4: 219–233.

Johnson, D. D. P. (2005) God's punishment and public goods: A test of the supernatural punishment hypothesis in 186 world culturesHuman Nature 16, 410-446.

Bering, J. M. & Johnson, D. D. P. (2005) 'Oh Lord, you hear my thoughts from afar': Recursiveness in the cognitive evolution of supernatural agencyJournal of Cognition and Culture 5, 118-142.

Burnham, T. & Johnson, D. D. P. (2005) The biological and evolutionary logic of human cooperationAnalyse & Kritik 27, 113-135.

Johnson, D. D. P. & Kruger, O. (2004) The Good of Wrath: Supernatural Punishment and the Evolution of CooperationPolitical Theology 5.2, 159-176.

Johnson, D. D. P., Stopka, P. & Knights, S. (2003) The puzzle of human cooperationNature 421, 911-912.

Johnson, D. D. P., Stopka, P. & Bell, J. (2002) Individual variation evades the Prisoner's DilemmaBiomedical Central Evolutionary Biology 2.

Book Chapters

Johnson, D. D. P. (2009) The Error of God: Error Management Theory, Religion, and the Evolution of Cooperation. In Games, Groups, and the Global Good (ed. S. A. Levin), pp. 169-180. Berlin: Springer.

Johnson, D. D. P. (2008) Gods of War: The Adaptive Logic of Religious Conflict. In The Evolution of Religion: Studies, Theories, and Critiques (ed. J. Bulbulia, R. Sosis, C. Genet, R. Genet, E. Harris & K. Wyman), pp. 111-117. Santa Margarita, CA: Collins Foundation Press.


Johnson, D. D. P. (2012) Atheists: Accidents of nature? Religion, Brain & Behavior 2 (1), 30-32.

Johnson, D. D. P. (2012) What should we believe about atheists? Religion, Brain & Behavior 2 (1), 30-32.

Johnson, D. D. P. (2011) Why God is the best punisher (response to Schloss & Murray). Religion, Brain & Behavior 1 (1), 77-84.

Johnson, D. D. P. (2009) Beyond belief - A review of "The Supernatural and Natural Selection: Religion and Evolutionary Success" by Lyle Steadman and Craig Palmer. Evolution and Human Behavior 30, 225-228.

Johnson, D. D. P. & van Vugt, M. (2009) A history of war: The role of inter-group conflict in sex differences in aggression, commentary on John Archer's Target Article, Behavioral and Brain Sciences 32 (3/4), 280-281.

Jeff Schloss

Journal Articles

Schloss, J.P. & Murray, M. (In Press) Evolutionary Accounts of Belief in Supernatural Punishment: A Critical Review. Religion, Brain & Behavior.

Schloss, J.P., Barrett, J., and Murray, M. (2010) Looking Past vs. Overlooking Cognitive Evolutionary Accounts of Religion: A Response to N BarrettJournal of the American Academy of Religion 78(3): 622-628.

Schloss, J.P. and Murray, M. (2010). Explaining and explaining away religious belief: Comments on Van Till’s Criticisms of Barrett. Theology and Science. 8(1): 17-23.

Edited Books

Schloss, J. P. & Murray, M. (ed.) (2009) The Believing Primate: Scientific, Philosophical, and Theological Perspectives on the Origin of Religion. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Book Chapters

Murray, M., & Schloss, J. (In Press). Evolution and Theism. In S. Goetz & C. Taliaferro (Eds.), Routledge Companion to Theism: Routledge Press.

Schloss, J. P. (2009) Evolutionary Theories of Religion: Science Set Free or Naturalism Run Wild? In The Believing Primate: Scientific, Philosophical, and Theological Perspectives on the Origin of Religion (ed. J. P. Schloss & M. Murray). Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Murphy, N. & Schloss, J. P.  2008.  Biology and Religion. In Oxford Handbook of the Philosophy of Biology (ed. Michael Ruse), Oxford: Oxford University Press.  545-569.

Schloss, J. P. (2008) He Who Laughs Best: Religious Affect as a Solution to Recursive Cooperative Defection. In The Evolution of Religion: Studies, Theories, and Critiques (ed. J. Bulbulia, R. Sosis, C. Genet, R. Genet, E. Harris & K. Wyman), pp. 205-215. Santa Margarita, CA: Collins Foundation Press.

Schloss, J. P. (2005) Hath Darwin Suffered a Prophet's Scorn? Evolutionary Theory and the Scandal of Unconditional Love. In Spiritual Information (ed. C. Harper), pp. 291-299: Templeton Press.

Schloss, J. P. (2004) Evolutionary ethics and Christian morality: surveying the issues. In Evolution and Ethics: Human Morality in Biological and Religious Perspective (ed. P. Clayton & J. Schloss), pp. 1-24. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Eerdmans.

Schloss, J. P. (2002) "Love Creation's Final Law?": Emerging Evolutionary Accounts of Altruism. In Altruism and Altruistic Love: Science, Philosophy, and Religion in Dialogue (ed. S. Post, L. Underwood, J. Schloss & W. Hurlbut), pp. 212-242. Oxford: Oxford University Press.


Schloss, J.P. and Murray, M. (2010). You Can’t Always Get What You Want: Evolution and True Beliefs? Brain and Behavioral Sciences. 32(6): 533-534.

Schloss, J.P. and Murray, M. (2010). Evolution, design, and genomic suboptimality: Does science “save” theology? PNAS. 107(30): E121.

Jesse Bering


Bering, J. (2010) The God Instinct: The Psychology of Souls, Destiny and the Meaning of Life. London: Nicholas Brealey.

(to be published in the USA in February 2011 as "The Belief Instinct", by W.W. Norton)

Journal Articles

Piazza, J. R. & Bering, J. M. (in press). The coevolution of secrecy and stigmatization. Human Nature.

Bering, J. (in press). Atheism is only skin deep: Geertz and Markússon rely mistakenly on sociodemographic data as meaningful indicators of underlying cognition. Religion.

Bering, J. (2010). The nonexistent purpose of people: Have our minds evolved to see human beings as types of artifacts? The Psychologist, 23, 290-293.

Ingram, G. P. D., & Bering, J. M. (2010). Children’s tattling: Early communicative biases in the reporting of other children’s behavior. Child Development, 81, 945-957.

Bering, J. (2009). Invited commentary on C. Popp Weingarten and J. S. Chisholm, Attachment and cooperation in religious groups. Current Anthropology, 50 , 772.

Piazza, J. & Bering, J. M. (2008) Concerns about reputation via gossip promote generous allocations in an economic gameEvolution and Human Behavior, 29, 172-178.

Bering, J. M. (2008). Why hell is other people: Distinctively human psychological suffering. Review of General Psychology, 12, 1-8.

Bering, J. M. (2006). The folk psychology of souls. Behavioral & Brain Sciences, 29, 453-498.

Bering, J. M. & Parker, B. D. (2006). Children’s attributions of intentions to an invisible agentDevelopmental Psychology, 42, 253-262.

Bering, J. M., McLeod, K. A., & Shackelford, T. K. (2005). Reasoning about dead agents reveals possible adaptive trends. Human Nature, 16, 360-381.

Bering, J. M., Hernández-Blasi, C., Bjorklund, D. F. (2005). The development of ‘afterlife’ beliefs in secularly and religiously schooled children. British Journal of Developmental Psychology, 23, 587-607.

Bering, J. M. & Johnson, D. D. P. (2005) 'Oh Lord, you hear my thoughts from afar': Recursiveness in the cognitive evolution of supernatural agencyJournal of Cognition and Culture 5, 118-142.

Bering, J. M., & Shackelford, T. K. (2004). The causal role of consciousness: A conceptual addendum to human evolutionary psychology. Review of General Psychology, 8, 227-248.

Bering, J. M., & Bjorklund, D.F. (2004). The natural emergence of reasoning about the afterlife as a developmental regularity. Developmental Psychology, 40, 217-233.

Bering, J. M. (2003). Towards a cognitive theory of existential meaning. New Ideas in Psychology, 21, 101-120.

Bering, J. M. (2002). Intuitive conceptions of dead agents’ minds: The natural foundations of afterlife beliefs as phenomenological boundary. Journal of Cognition and Culture, 2, 263-308.

Bering, J. M. (2002). The existential theory of mind. Review of General Psychology, 6, 3-24.

Bering, J. M. (2001). Theistic percepts in other species: Can chimpanzees represent the minds of non-natural agents? Journal of Cognition and Culture, 1, 107-137.

Book chapters

Bering, J. (in press). God need not actually exist to have evolved. In J. Brockman (Ed.), What will change everything? (pp. 295-297). New York: Harper Collins.

Holbrook-Hahn, J., Holbrook, C., & Bering, J. M. (2010). Snakes, Spiders, Strangers: How the Evolved Fear of Strangers May Misdirect Efforts to Protect Children from Harm. In J. Lampinen and K. Sexton-Radek (Eds.), Protecting children from violence: Evidence based interventions. (pp. 263-289). New York: Psychology Press.

Ingram, G. P. D., Piazza, J., & Bering, J. M. (2009). The adaptive problem of absent third-party punishment. In H. Høgh-Olesen, L. Hansen and P. Bertelsen (Eds.), Human characteristics: Evolutionary perspectives on human mind and kind (pp. 205-229). Newcastle upon Tyne: Cambridge Scholars.

Johnson, D. D. P., & Bering, J. M. (2009). Hand of God, mind of man: Punishment and cognition in the evolution of cooperation. In J. Schloss and A. Platinga (Eds.), The nature of belief: Scientific and philosophical perspectives on the evolution of religion (pp. 26-43). New York: Oxford University Press.

Bering, J. M. (2008). How Sartre inadvertently presaged a proper evolutionary science of religion. In J. Bulbulia, R. Sosis, C. Genet, R. Genet, E. Harris, & K. Wyman (Eds.), The Evolution of Religion: Studies, Theories, and Critiques. Santa Margarita, CA: The Collins Foundations Press.

Bering, J. M. (2007). Science will never silence God. In J. Brockman (ed.), What is Your Dangerous Idea? Today’s Leading Thinkers on the Unthinkable (pp. 169-179). New York: Harper Collins.

Bering, J.M. (2006). Untitled. In J. Brockman (ed.), What We Believe But Cannot Prove: Today's Leading Thinkers on Science in the Age of Certainty (pp. 32-35). New York: Harper Collins.

Bering, J. M. (2005). The evolutionary history of an illusion: Religious causal beliefs in children and adults. In B. Ellis & D. Bjorklund (Eds.), Origins of the Social Mind: Evolutionary Psychology and Child Development (pp. 411-437). New York: Guilford Press.


Bering, J. M., & Shackelford, T. K. (2004). Supernatural agents may have provided adaptive social information: Comment on Atran and Norenzayan. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 27, 732-733.

Bering, J. M. (2003). Religious concepts are probably epiphenomena: A reply to Pyysiäinen, Boyer, and Barrett. Journal of Cognition and Culture, 3, 244-254.

Bering, J. M. (2001). God is not in the mirror: A reply to Gallup and Maser. Journal of Cognition and Culture, 1, 207-211.


Richard Sosis

Journal Articles

Sosis, R., & Bulbulia, J. (In Press). The Behavioral Ecology of Religion: The Benefits and Costs of One Evolutionary Approach. Religion.

Bulbulia, J., & Sosis, R. (In Press). Signaling Theory and the Evolution of Religious Cooperation. Religion.

Purzycki, B., D. Finkel, J. Shaver, N. Wales, A. Cohen, and R. Sosis (In Press) What does God Know? Supernatural Agents' Perceived Access to Socially Strategic and Nonstrategic Information. Cognitive Science.

Wildman, W. and R. Sosis (2011) Stability of Groups with Costly Beliefs and Practices. Journal of Artificial Societies and Social Simulation 14, 6.

Sosis, R. & Handwerker, W. P. (2011) Psalms and coping with uncertainty: Israeli women's responses to the 2006 Lebanon war. American Anthropologist 113, 40-55.

Sosis, R. (2011) Why sacred lands are not indivisible: the cognitive foundations of sacralizing landJournal of Terrorism Research 2, 17-44.

Sosis, R. (2009). The adaptationist-byproduct debate on the evolution of religion: five misunderstandings of the adaptationist program. Journal of Cognition and Culture, 9, 315-332.

Sosis, R., Kress, H. & Boster, J. (2007) Scars for war: evaluating alternative signaling explanations for cross-cultural variance in ritual costsEvolution and Human Behavior 28, 234-247.

Sosis, R. (2007) Psalms for safety: Magico-religious responses to threats of terrorCurrent Anthropology 48, 903-911.

Ruffle, B. & Sosis., R. (2007) Does it pay to pray? Costly ritual and cooperationThe B.E. Journal of Economic Analysis and Policy 7, 1-35.

Sosis, R. (2005) Does Religion Promote Trust? The Role of Signaling, Reputation, and PunishmentInterdisciplinary Journal of Research on Religion 1, 1-30 (article 7).

Alcorta, C. S. & Sosis, R. (2005) Ritual, Emotion, and Sacred Symbols: The Evolution of Religion as an Adaptive ComplexHuman Nature 16, 323-359.

Sosis, R. (2004) The adaptive value of religious ritual. American Scientist 92, 166-172.

Sosis, R. & Ruffle, B. (2004) Ideology, Religion, and the Evolution of Cooperation: Field Tests on Israeli KibbutzimResearch in Economic Anthropology 23, 89-117.

Sosis, R. & Alcorta, C. (2003) Signaling, Solidarity, and the Sacred: The Evolution of Religious BehaviorEvolutionary Anthropology 12, 264-274.

Sosis, R. & Bressler, E. R. (2003) Cooperation and commune longevity: A test of the costly signaling theory of religionCross-Cultural Research 37, 211-239.

Sosis, R. (2000) Religion and Intragroup Cooperation: Preliminary results of a comparative analysis of utopian communitiesCross-Cultural Research 34, 71-88.

Edited Books and Special Issues

Bulbulia, J., Sosis, R., Genet, C., Genet, R., Harris, E. & Wyman, K. (ed.) (2008) The Evolution of Religion: Studies, Theories, and Critiques. Santa Margarita, CA: Collins Foundation Press.

Sosis, R. & Alcorta, C. (ed.) (2005) Special issue of Human Nature on the evolution of religion.

Book Chapters

Sosis, R., & Kiper, J. (In Press). Sacred versus Secular Values: Cognitive and Evolutionary Sciences of Religion and Religious Freedom. In T. S. Shah & T. Farr (eds.), Homo Religiosus: Reflections on Humankind's Persistent Religiosity.

Alcorta, C. S., & Sosis, R. (In Press). Ritual, Religion, and Violence: an Evolutionary Perspective. In M. Kitts, M. Juergensmeyer & M. Jerryson (eds.), Oxford Handbook of Religion and Violence. New York: Oxford University Press.

Sosis, R., Phillips, E. J., & Alcorta, C. S. (In Press). Sacrifice and Sacred Values: Evolutionary Perspectives on Religious Terrorism. In T. Shackelford & V. Weekes-Shackelford (eds.), Oxford Handbook of Evolutionary Perspectives on Violence, Homicide, and War. New York: Oxford University Press.

Purzycki, B. & Sosis, R. (2011) Our Gods: Variation in Supernatural Minds, in Essential Building Blocks of Human Nature, ed. U. Frey, C. Stormer & K.P. Willfuhr, pp. 77- 93, New York: Springer.

Alcorta, C. & Sosis, R. (2010) Signals and Rituals of Humans and Animals, in Encyclopedia of Animal Rights and Animal Welfare, ed. Marc Bekoff, pp. 519-523, Westport, CT: Greenwood Publishers.

Purzycki, B. & Sosis, R. (2010) Religious Concepts as Necessary Components of the Adaptive Religious System, in Interdisciplinary Perspectives on Philosophy: Evolution and Religion, ed. Ulrich Frey, pp. 37-59, Marburg, Germany: Tectum Verlag.

Sosis, R. & Schnabel, U. (2009) The Adjusted Belief: What makes a religion successful? in The Pope in the Crossfire: Extrapolate back to Pius or the Council? (in German), ed. Til Galrev, pp. 165-167, Berlin: LIT Verlag.

Purzycki, B. & Sosis, R. (2009) The Religious System as Adaptive: Cognitive Flexibility, Public Displays, and Acceptance. In The Biological Evolution of Religious Mind and Behavior, eds. Eckart Voland and Wulf Schiefenhovel, pp. 243-256, New York: Springer-Verlag Publishers.

Finkel, D., Swartwout, P. & Sosis, R. (2010) The Socio-Religious Brain: A Developmental Model. In Proceedings of the British Academy (eds. R. Dunbar, C. Gamble, J. Gowlett), 158: 287-312.

Sosis, R. (2009) Why are Synagogue Services so Long? An Evolutionary Examination of Jewish Ritual Signals. In Judaism in Biological Perspective: Biblical Lore and Judaic Practices (ed. R. Goldberg), pp. 199-233. Boulder: Paradigm Publishers.

Sosis, R. & Alcorta, C. (2008) Militants and martyrs: Evolutionary Perspectives on Religion and Terrorism. In Natural Security: A Darwinian Approach to a Dangerous World (ed. R. Sagarin & T. Taylor), pp. 105-124. Berkeley and Los Angeles, CA: University of California Press.

Sosis, R. (2008) Pigeons, Foxholes, and the Book of Psalms: Evolved Superstitious Responses to Cope with Stress and Uncertainty. In The Evolution of Religion: Studies, Theories, and Critiques (ed. J. Bulbulia, R. Sosis, C. Genet, R. Genet, E. Harris & K. Wyman), pp. 15-19. Santa Margarita, CA: Collins Foundation Press.

Sosis, R. & Bulbulia, J. (2008) Religion in Eden. In The Evolution of Religion: Studies, Theories, and Critiques (ed. J. Bulbulia, R. Sosis, C. Genet, R. Genet, E. Harris & K. Wyman), pp. 15-19. Santa Margarita, CA: Collins Foundation Press.

Alcorta, C. & Sosis, R. (2007) Rituals of Humans and Animals. In Encyclopedia of Human-Animal Relationships, vol. 2 (ed. M. Bekoff), pp. 599-605. Westport, CT: Greenwood Publishers.

Sosis, R. (2006) Religious Behaviors, Badges, and Bans: Signaling Theory and the Evolution of Religion. In Where God and Science Meet: How Brain and Evolutionary Studies Alter our Understanding of Religion, vol. 1: Evolution, Genes, and the Religious Brain (ed. P. McNamara), pp. 61-86. Westport, CT: Praeger Publishers.

Book Reviews

Purzycki, B., Swartwout, P. & Sosis, R. (2008) Searching for Darwin: Metaphor, Collusion, and Natural Selection: Review of "The Supernatural and Natural Selection" by Lyle Steadman and Craig PalmerEvolutionary Psychology 6, 628-636.


McNamara, P., Sosis, R., & Wildman, W. (In Press). The Scientific Study of Religion and the Humanities. Religion, Brain & Behavior.

Swartwout, P., B.G. Purzycki, and R. Sosis Form and function in religious signaling under pathogen stress. Behavioral and Brain Sciences (Commentary).

McNamara, P., Sosis, R. & Wildman, W. (2011) Announcing a New Journal. Religion, Brain & Behavior 1, 1-4.

Bulbulia, J. and Sosis, R. (2009) Ideology as Affordance. Behavioral and Brain Sciences. 32:515-516.

Sosis, R. and Shaver, J. (2009)  Comment for Attachment and Cooperation in Religious Groups: An Example of a Mechanism for Cultural Group Selection. Current Anthropology 50: 775-776.

Sosis, R. & Swartwout, P. (2008) Demonstrating Group Selection: A Comment on Landa's "The Bioeconomics of Homogeneous Middleman Groups as Adaptive Units. Journal of Bioeconomics 10, 297-301.

Alcorta, C., Sosis, R. & Finkel, D. (2008) Ritual Harmony: Toward an Evolutionary Theory of MusicBehavioural and Brain Sciences 31, 576-577.

Alcorta, C. & Sosis, R. (2006) Why Ritual Works: A Rejection of the By-Product HypothesisBehavioural and Brain Sciences 29, 613-614.

Sosis, R. & Alcorta, C. (2004) Is Religion Adaptive? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 27, 749-750.

Sosis, R. & Ruffle, B. (2004) On Ritual and CooperationCurrent Anthropology 45, 529-531.

Robert Trivers


Trivers, R. (Forthcoming, October 2011) The Folly of Fools: The Logic of Deceit and Self-deception in Human Life. New York: Basic Books. [to be published in the UK as Deceit and Self-deception: Fooling Ourselves the
Better to Fool Others. London: Penguin]

Burt, A. & Trivers, R. (2006) Genes in Conflict: The Biology of Selfish Genetic Elements. Cambridge, MA: Belknap Press.

Trivers, R. (2002) Natural Selection and Social Theory: Selected Papers of Robert Trivers. Evolution and cognition. Oxford & New York: Oxford University Press.

Trivers, R. (1985) Social Evolution. Menlo Park, CA: Benjamin/Cummings.

Journal Articles

Von Hippell, B. and Trivers, R. (2011) The evolution and psychology of self-deceptionBehavioral and Brain Sciences (target article) 34: 1-56.

Zaatari, D., Palestis, B. G. & Trivers, R. (2009) Fluctuating asymmetry of responders affects offers in the Ultimatum Game oppositely according to attractiveness or need as perceived by proposersEthology 115, 627-632.

Trivers, R. (2009). Genetic conflict within the individual. Berlin: Sonderdruck der Berliner-Brandenburgische Akademie der Wissenschschaften 14, 149-199.

Zaatari, D. & Trivers, R. (2007) Fluctuating asymmetry and behavior in the ultimatum game in JamaicaEvolution and Human Behavior 28, 223-227.

Palestis, B. G., Burt, A., Jones, R. N. & Trivers, R. (2004) B chromosomes are more frequent in mammals with acrocentric karyotypes: support for the theory of centromeric driveProceedings of the Royal Society (B) Supplement 271, S22-S24.

Penton-Voak, I. S., Jacobson, A. & Trivers, R. (2004) Population differences in attractiveness judgments of faces: comparing a British and Jamaican sampleEvolution and Human Behavior 25, 355-370.

Manning, J. T., Trivers, R., Thornhill, R. & Singh, D. (2000) The 2nd:4th digit ratio and hand preference in Jamaican childrenLaterality 5, 121-132.

Trivers, R. L. (2000) The elements of a scientific theory of self-deceptionAnnals of the New York Academy of Sciences 907, 114-131.

Trivers, R., Manning, J., Thornhill, R., Singh, D. & McGuire, M. (1999) The Jamaican symmetry project: a long-term study of fluctuating asymmetry in rural Jamaican childrenHuman Biology 71, 419-432.

Seger, J. & Trivers, R. (1986) Asymmetry in the evolution of female mating preferencesNature 319, 771-773.

Book Chapters

Trivers, R. (2010). Deceit and self-deception. In Mind the Gap: Tracing the Origin of Human Universals (eds. P. M. Kappeler and J. B. Silk), pp. 373-394. Berlin: Springer-Verlag.

Trivers, R. (2005) Reciprocal altruism: 30 years later. In Cooperation in Primates and Humans: Mechanisms and Evolution (ed. C. P. v. Schaik & P. M. Kappeler), pp. 67-83. Berlin: Springer-Verlag.


Trivers, R. (2004) Mutual Benefits at All Levels of LifeScience 304, 964-965.

Terry Burnham


Burnham, T. &  Phelan, J. (2001) Mean Genes: From Sex to Money to Food, Taming Our Primal Instincts (Penguin, N.Y.).

Burnham, T. (2005) Mean Markets and Lizard Brains: How to Profit from the New Science of Irrationality (Wiley, N.Y.).

Journal Articles

Burnham, T., Cesarini, D., Lichtenstein, P., Johannesson, M. & Wallace, B. (In Press) Higher cognitive ability is associated with lower entries in a p-Beauty ContestJournal of Economic Behavior and Organization.

Burnham, T. (2007) High-testosterone men reject low ultimatum game offers. Proceedings of the Royal Society (B) 274, 2327-2330.

Burnham, T. & Hare, B. (2007) Engineering Human Cooperation: Does Involuntary Neural Activation Increase Public Goods Contributions? Human Nature, 18, 88-108.

Burnham, T. & Johnson, D. D. P. (2005) The biological and evolutionary logic of human cooperation. Analyse & Kritik 27, 113-135.

Burnham, T. (2003) Engineering altruism: a theoretical and experimental investigation of anonymity and gift giving. Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization 50, 133-144.